SusTech4Africa Challenge. Theme: Energy.
ADAPT+ designed a clean low-cost customized ethanol stove that eliminates all forms of indoor pollution and to reduce the number of mothers that die prematurely as a result of exposure to smoke from traditional cook-stoves and open fires.
The Silent Killer
According to The Global Alliance for Clean Cooking, 4.3 million mothers and children die prematurely every year as a result of exposure to traditional cook-stoves and open fires. Cook-stove smoke contributes to a range of chronic illnesses and acute health impacts such as pneumonia, lung cancer, cataracts, low birth weight and burns.
Without intervention, the problem will continue to grow – the International Energy Agency estimates that by 2030, 100 million more people will use traditional biomass fuels than do so today. The situation is worse in conflict-affected settings, where, though food is most of the time distributed by the humanitarian community, fuel for cooking is often not provided or available, leaving millions of refugee and internally displaced women and girls at risk of looking for firewood from host communities where they are usually unwelcome because host community members have similar energy scarcity problems.
In response to this problem, ADAPT+ designed a clean low-cost customized ethanol stove that eliminates all forms of indoor pollution. Ethanol has been termed as the ‘fuel for the future’ in rural and peri-urban Africa. This is because of the advantages it has and the fact that it can sustainably be produced as a renewable energy source.
Ethanol is a Clean liquid fuel that is made from a variety of feedstocks including sugary materials such as sugar cane, molasses, sugar beet or sweet sorghum; starchy materials such as cassava, potatoes, or maize; or cellulosic materials such as wood, grasses, corn Stover and other agricultural residues.
The main source of ethanol in Uganda is however, from molasses – a by-product of the sugar-making process.
Why this campaign
Each passing day, mothers and children cooking on open fires continue to suffer and die from chronic illness and acute health impacts caused by indoor pollution. We can reduce the number of the victims the earlier we reach out to them with a clean cooking solution. However, this being a new technology on the Ugandan market, most people are not aware of it, especially households in those hard-to-reach and most energy insecure populations.
ADAPT+ is already working with partners in Refugee settlements that include the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and her implementing partners like Danish Refugee Coucil (DRC) in providing clean cooking solutions and will build on these partnerships to continue this noble cause.